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A Guide To Foods That Are Toxic To Dogs


Have you ever caved to your dog’s begging eyes and reached for a yummy morsel of food from your plate to share with her? I would love to say that I only feed my dog food and treats that are wholesome and healthy, but even I have caved – I admit it! (Well, with four sets of eyes, you can imagine!) There is the occasional plain corn chip that falls the floor that I ignore while Ricky hoovers it up. And, we always share the juice out of our canned tuna and chicken – both of which are healthy as long as they don’t have added sodium.


However, there are treats that we need to avoid feeding to our pack because they are toxic.  Here is a list of foods that can be toxic to dogs:

  1. Peppers – Ornamental and all hot varieties
  2. Onions
  3. Macadamia nuts
  4. Chocolate
  5. Grapes
  6. Coffee
  7. Alcoholic beverages
  8. Avocado
  9. Xylitol (Artificial Sweetener) can be found in candy
  10. Pits/Seeds
  11. Salt
  12. Tomato leaves and stems (green parts)

This information was gathered from several sources including the Humane Society of the United States. This is not an extensive list, but rather some of the more common things you might find yourself tempted to share with your dog.


Another thing that causes problems in foods, even dog foods, is food coloring dyes. I spoke with a woman today whose dog was bothered by the dye in sausage pet treats or Vienna sausages. The red dye was literally coming out of her dog’s eyes in the form of red tears and even the skin around her nail beds was pink from the dye. The dog itched and scratched until she removed the colored food and treats from the dog’s diet.

For more information about what to do if your dog does eat one of the items on this list or if there is something else about their behavior and food that you might to be worried about, check out the AAHA Healthy Pet Website.

What is the weirdest thing your dog has ever eaten? Mine are always partial to my favorite high heels…Tell me your story – contact us!

Best Eye Cream for Wrinkles

Skincare products

Many people will be troubled by wrinkles and fine lines around the eyes, and will be looking for a product that will help them to get rid of them. When it comes to the best eye cream for wrinkles then you will have plenty to choose from. There are literally thousands of products available these days to help us fight the signs of aging so it can be difficult to choose the right one. If you want to make sure you choose an effective product then you will have to make sure that any eye cream for wrinkles that you do choose has a few specific ingredients.

Mirror reflection of a beautiful young woman with clean and soft skin smiling

The following are some of the ingredients and the best eye cream for wrinkles should have:

Cynergy TK

Cynergy TK is a natural ingredient found in some of the best anti aging creams on the market. This remarkable ingredient contains a form of keratin that is sourced from the wool of sheep and is instrumental in encouraging the production of collagen in the skin. Cynergy TK is very expensive but it is highly effective in the development of healthy skin. If you are looking for the best eye cream for wrinkles then one with Cynergy TK is sure to be a winner.

Babassu Wax and Oil

Babassu wax and oil are lightweight ingredients that come from the Babassu Palm native to Brazil. These ingredients can be absorbed easily be the skin and do not cause the pores to become clogged. The natives in Brazil have been using Babassu oil and wax for centuries because they can soothe the skin. The benefits of these ingredients are that they will ensure the skin stays healthy and smooth and that you will look younger. This is a natural ingredient that is great for many skin conditions such as eczema and it is effective in many eye creams.

Hesperidin Methyl Chalcone

Hesperidin Methyl Chalcone is also referred to as Vitamin P and is a very important ingredient in some of the best eye creams available. It works to reduce puffiness and inflammation around the eyes and ensures that the blood flow around the capillaries in the skin is improved. If you are looking for the best eye cream for wrinkles then make sure it contains Hesperidin Methyl Chalcone.

Vitamin E

One of the most important ingredients in many face and eye creams these days is Vitamin E. It is an essential ingredient in sun creams because it protects the skin from the harmful UV rays of the sun. It also protects against free radicals that are caused by pollution, stress and aging.

Vitamin E is great for reversing a number of signs of aging such as crow’s feet, fine lines, dark circles, wrinkles and smile lines.

Young woman wipes a face skin, isolated

Coenzyme Q10

When looking for the best eye cream for wrinkles, you should be on the look out for Coenzyme Q10. This ingredient will help to reduce wrinkles, and will encourage the skin to repair itself. It helps to make the skin appear healthier and younger. It will also help in the fight to eradicate harmful free radicals from the body.

Psychotic Depression


By definition, psychotic depression (also known as Psychosis) is the impairment of one’s mental ability to such an extent that the patient’s thoughts and emotions are altered, thus disconnecting the person from reality. Such a patient might exhibit implausible behaviour, thoughts and emotions and may even experience delusions and hallucinations. In retrospect, depression refers to overwhelming emotions of sadness and hopelessness. Though psychosis is a branch of depression, it does have some noticeable differences.

The two words when combined, literally as well as clinically would imply that psychotic depression consist of alternating phases of depression and psychosis. Typically, at one moment the patient would go through a period of extreme distress and then might began hallucination at another moment.

Studies have revealed that a patient suffering from psychotic depression is more likely to have suicidal thoughts as compared to a patient suffering from any other mental disorder.

Causes of Psychotic Depression

Psychotic depression does not have a single cause, but studies actually show that it can be caused due to a number of factors. These factors generally include continuous stress, hereditary factors such as a family or personal history of a mental disorders, dwindling levels of thyroid or cortical hormones. Psychotic depression can also be caused through the use of drugs, but this has been proven to be a less likely occurrence.


Psychotic Depression Symptoms

A patient suffering from psychotic depression will often exhibit symptoms of both psychosis and depression.

In psychosis, the distorted thought process causes delusions and hallucinations. A hallucinated person would perceive something non-existent as real and would have clear in mind; vivid images of something that did not even have a stimulus. Generally, delusions are much more common in psychotic depression as oppose to hallucinations.

Other psychotic depression symptoms include:

  • Confusion
  • Delusions
  • Depression
  • Distorted thinking and speech
  • Hypochondria
  • Increased excitement
  • Illusions
  • Thoughts of suicide
  • Unsubstantiated fear

Diagnosis of Psychotic Depression

Suffering from a few symptoms in itself is not enough to consider yourself diagnosed with psychotic depression. Only a certified mental health professional can properly diagnose you.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has set the criteria of when someone is generally able to be diagnosed with psychotic depression. According to this manual, a person must exhibit at least 6 of the above mentioned Psychotic Depression Symptoms over a period of at least two weeks.

Among the symptoms of psychotic depression, the three most common include:

  • Being in a depressed mood the majority of the day
  • Lack of interest in nearly all the day to day activities
  • Delusions and hallucinations

To rule out the possibility of a physical illness, a routine blood test may be done. A brain scan would rule out the possibility of an underlying brain tumor.

Psychotic Depression Treatment

Treating someone who is suffering from psychotic depression is not an easy task, but nonetheless, it is most certainly treatable. Proper evaluation by a mental health professional is the key to proper diagnosis. Though there is no specific test to test one positive or negative for psychotic depression, a health professional will be able to make the best determination based on any noticeable symptoms.


Once diagnosed, depending on the severity of their symptoms, the patient may be required to stay and undergo observation in a hospital. Those who are considered to be a medium to high risk of committing suicide are generally hospitalized.

Psychotic depression can be treated through either psychotherapy, the use of medications, or Electro-Convulsive therapy.

If the medication route is chosen by your health professional, generally a combination of anti-psychotics and anti-depressants will be prescribed. However, these drugs have several side effects and should not be administered unless they are prescribed by a mental health professional. In many cases, a combination of prescription medication and psychotherapy are used to battle psychotic depression. Psychotherapy is a type of counselling that attempts to uncover the root of the persons depression.

If medication fails to treat the disorder, Electro Convulsive Therapy (ECT) is used sometimes used as a last resort. ECT is a method in which an electric current is passed through the patient’s brain, which causes a series of neurochemical reactions and results in a mild seizure. Almost always given under anaesthesia, ECT is highly effective in the treatment of psychotic depression.

Although effective, it is not widely accepted in the medical world due to the negative image it has been given. People generally perceive it as being an immediate solution to their depression, when in fact this is not the case. Additionally, it can lead to short term memory loss, which is simply a risk most are not willing to take.